In the 1998 movie Pleasantville starring Toby Maguire and Reese Witherspoon, David is a dorky high school student obsessed with an old black and white TV show called “Pleasantville.” The show is set in 1958 and depicts a small town that proudly upholds family values, and has no homelessness and no inclement weather. David and his sister Jen are transported into the show as the main character, Bud, and his sister Mary Sue. The two must navigate this scarily “pleasant” world until they figure out how to return to the present day. Jen in particular is quickly exasperated by the wholesome naïveté of Pleasantville residents. She boldly invites the star of the high school basketball team to accompany her to Lover’s Lane, and after their evening together he starts to see in color. Slowly, as a result of Jen’s and David’s presence, more and more of the townspeople begin to change from black, white and gray to vivid color. The shift from black and white to color signifies an awakening for the character, and each character turns to color for different reasons.
The librarian in Pleasantville is significant by his/her absence. On their first day in Pleasantville, David and Jen attend school and Jen ends up in the library only because she “got lost.” Once there, she discovers that all of the books are blank. The implication is that no one in Pleasantville has need of information, nor for a librarian. Certainly, Jen’s classmates lack curiosity about the world outside of Pleasantville; their geography class focuses onMain StreetandElm Street, Pleasantville’s two major roads.
The books begin to fill in once more young people start to change into color. They are suddenly more inquisitive and demonstrate critical thinking skills. In one scene, the young people are queued up outside the library. Jen (as Mary Sue) changes into color as a result of reading. Some of the townspeople remark incredulously, “Now they’re going to the library!” and one man even responds, “Someone ought to do something about that.” A town council of black and white people decides that “the area known as Lover’s Lane and the library are closed until further notice” while the elementary and high schools will teach the “non change-ist view of history.”
Once things start to become colored in Pleasantville, the library represents change and intellectual freedom, which some characters feel is inherently dangerous. A book burning is depicted, with black and white characters looting the library and tossing the books into a bonfire in the street outside the building. The characters who participate support the mayor who is the most resistant to any changes in Pleasantville. The mayor argues that the values that make Pleasantville great are threatened by such scandalous acts as “thinking.”
Ultimately, the Pleasantville library is a positive force in the town; it is seen as a center of civilization and culture from which beauty springs forth. By the end of the movie, the entire town ofPleasantvilleis in full color, and even with an uncertain future looming before them, the residents are happy.